According to the analysis of Prospective Industry Research Institute, the EU region is the most active region in the world to implement degradable plastics. Since 2011, the developed countries of the EU have introduced a series of policies to restrict the use of disposable plastic products. In October 2018, the European Union adopted a proposal to prohibit the use of disposable plastics, which is known as the ‘ most severe plastic ban in history ‘. It quantified the future planning objectives to ensure that all plastic packaging in the EU market by 2030 benefited from the promotion of plastic ban policies. The European region has been the world ‘ s largest consumer market for biodegradable plastics.

According to IHS data, the demand for biodegradable plastics in Western Europe accounted for 55 % of the global consumption in 2018, and the consumption in Asia and Oceania ( Australia and New Zealand ) accounted for about 25 % of the global consumption. Among them, the demand for biodegradable plastics in China accounted for about 11.7 %. In January 2020, the release of the new plastic limit order, China is expected to become the world ‘ s largest biodegradable plastic consumer market in recent years.

Biodegradable plastics are applied in the following five aspects :

1. Agriculture, forestry, fishery, plastic film, water-retaining material, nursery bowl, seedling bed, rope net, pesticide and fertilizer slow-release material.

2. Packaging industry, shopping bags, garbage bags, disposable dining boxes, instant noodles bowl, cushion packaging materials.

3. Sporting goods, golf course nails and seats.

4.Health supplies, women ‘ s health supplies, medical mattresses, disposable knife.

5. Medical materials, bandages, clips, cotton swab sticks, gloves, drug release materials, surgical sutures and fracture fixation materials.

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